The Anlɔ Point out armed forces consisted of the complete productive male populace and an elite woman brigade. Anlɔ warriors were being valiant and renowned for fearlessness. They triumphed, towards all odds, about endless incidences of exterior aggression. It was the desire of each individual Anlɔ citizen to die in active assistance to the fatherland relatively than perish by organic will cause. Demise on the battlefield was regarded as the most honourable civic achievement. In fact, by tailor made, Anlɔ Warrior-Kings had been put in on the battlefield.
Anlɔ Artwork of War
The Anlɔ armed forces, headed by the Aʋadada, Commander-In-Chief, operates a few wings. The Aʋadada is Fiagã of the Dome – Centre Wing. The Ɖushifia is the Fiagã of the Ɖushi – Right Wing. The Miafia is the Fiagã of the Mia – Left Wing. All three Kings traditionally resided in Anlɔga.
This permitted the Awɔmefiã, as the Anlɔ King of Kings, or Supreme Head of Point out, to phone upon them conveniently. The war throne, arsenal and foodstuff provides were saved in Atsifoame, exactly where the Aʋadada historically resided with a Council of Navy Intelligence, known as the Aʋadzikpɔlawo. Atsifoame also served as a reservist war camp which provided reinforcement and ammunition for all the a few wings.
In the celebration of war, the warning signal was by a distribution of corn seeds, by means of the Significant Basic, to all brigades. The variety of corn seeds allocated to a brigade indicated the preparing time and particular working day for attack. Everyday each individual Significant Common set by a corn seed and on the closing day, with only a single seed remaining, the respective brigade proceeded to war.
It was custom for the Woe division to fireplace the first bullet, adopted by the Lashibi or Aklɔbɔwo division, and finally the Adɔtri, from the advantaged central position they occupied, would attack the enemy to mark the commencement of war.
Army technique and practices were being strictly concealed Anlɔ Condition secrets. The Agave-clan of Anlɔ were being exclusively entrusted with the sacred mysteries of the Anlɔ State armed service. A series of sophisticated rituals and ceremonies were being held at divine shrines, beneath the auspices of the Main fetish-priest and Aʋadada, that purified and made all warriors invincible to guns, swords, spears and arrows. This string of rituals was also a procedure to sieve out troopers healthy for warfare.
Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II’s return to Anlɔ Point out and go to to Christiansborg Castle in Osu, Accra, Gold Coastline, 1889.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II served as Dufia, or Metropolis Ruler, of Anyako and Miafiagã of the Anlɔ State from 1873 to 1911, soon after he succeeded Basic Tɛngɛ Dzokoto I, his father, who formerly served in the exact potential from 1825-1866.
Basic Dzokoto I notably led the successful Datsutagba war effort and hard work and siege of the Keta Fort in 1865-1866, for which he was awarded, by the Omanhene of Akwamu, Nana Akoto, a laurel of valour.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II famously “disappeared into skinny-air”, and remaining driving a fabric, after a dastardly assassination try by the Kingdom of Terrific Britain’s armed forces stationed at Keta. The cloth was presented to Queen Victoria as a museum showpiece.
Following Alakple, Kodzi, Fiawu and Dudu have been burnt to ashes by the British, Miafiagã Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II was compelled into exile collectively with eminent associates of the Yeʋe secret society and army staff. He lived in Ŋɔtsie for almost a 10 years.
He later on voyaged to German-administered Lomé, then referred to as Bey Beach front, and petitioned the elders of Avedotui land for territory. He selected a site near Gafe. The elders recognized his ask for and named King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II’s settlement ‘Tɛngɛ Kpedzi’ at Gafe to honour him.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II took this as an option to reorganise his armed forces. He posted a regiment, commanded by lieutenant Adabraga Preku, at Tsikalekope, the main entrance of the settlement. Tɛnge settled a further regiment at Anyro, commanded by lieutenant Kpogo, to ward off saboteurs from the Adzanju close. He subsequently embarked on visits to Assahoun and Tsevie, where other Anlɔs had been domiciled, to acquire relations with them. James Ocloo remained behind at Tɛngɛ Kpedzi to offer with any correspondences and other private issues at the Anlɔ embassy of King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II. King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II also toured Togoland to variety a community of aristocrats and retailers.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II was released to the German Governor-Resident in Lomé and acquired the total support and patronage of the German Govt. King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II grew to become professional-German and favoured Otto von Bismarck’s overseas policy of non-interference in Èʋe affairs. Till the Berlin Convention of 1884-85, Bismarck was disinterested in Africa, nonetheless at some point felt it important to colonise Togo in reaction to Excellent Britain’s scramble for territorial electric power. Representatives of the German Federal government, from Lomé, frequented the Anlɔ embassy at Tɛngɛ Kpedzi frequently, specially over the weekends.
United by a popular enemy, the Germans and King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II recognized a solid alliance. They presented monetary guidance when King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II made a army depot with an monumental horse-secure. He started to recruit and educate new troopers.
The British at Keta and Cape Coast listened to of the German-backed rearmament programme and political affect of King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II in Togoland. They regarded this as a direct danger to British command of the Gold Coast and had been geared up to ceasefire.
The British lured a few Anlɔ Chiefs with bribes and items, and they in switch, offered the colonial workplace with information about Miafiagã Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II and his Bate clansmen.
William Henry Klutse Kobla Chapman, previous District Commissioner of Keta, travelled to Togoland and opened conversations with King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II. They assured King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II that the motive driving the ardent request for his existence by the British in Anlɔ was not sinister but complimentary.
They convinced King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II to guide an Anlɔ delegation to Accra, Gold Coastline and go over a treaty of peace with the Kingdom of Great Britain, as the official guest of the British Govt. W. H. K. Chapman cautioned King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II not to ride extravagantly, with the standard pomp and pageantry, but to clearly show up unannounced.
When King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II achieved Kedzi, news swiftly unfold and a mammoth crowd of Anlɔ citizens flocked to welcome the formidable Warrior-King. Tɛngɛ experienced no preference but to handle the commoners.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II was transient as brevity is the soul of wit “I have denounced all wars and hostilities from the British. Every person must return to his foundation camp. I am certain for Accra and shall return unharmed shortly”, King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II explained.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II was acquired by a govt envoy and temporarily lodged at the Keta Fort. He led a delegation of senior Anlɔ statesmen and boarded the S. S. Adolph Woeman ship from the Keta Beach to Accra.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II sailed for Accra with Chapman, Fomenya, Kwasi Ahiakonu and Mr. Obrien, District Commander.
A report was manufactured to the Governor that King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II had arrived at the Christiansborg Castle. The Governor purchased that King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II must be locked in the mobile. No faster experienced the officer-in-escort locked the doorway of the mobile right before he arrived to locate King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II seated exterior of the mobile, with a snuff-box in hand, calmly seated, a person leg more than the other, as he stroked his long beard. King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II was thrice locked up in the mobile but thrice came out.
Just after the plot failed, King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II and the Anlɔ leaders were being graciously obtained into the Official Home at Governing administration Dwelling, Osu, Gold Coast. Soon after a couple days of rest and round-table diplomatic action, a convention was convened.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II led the Anlɔ-Anglo peace talks. The British regretted and apologised for all the blunders of the past, on the two sides, and referred to the previous as a demo of power in between two brave belligerent cocks.
They heaped encomiums upon King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II and professed that he was the greatest Warrior-King they experienced satisfied amongst the Anlɔs. King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II, at the convention, was declared paramount ruler from the Volta estuary down to Ave Afiadenyigba. The British presented to broaden the royal palace of King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II as payment for the ruins of edifices they had wrecked at Anyako. He was recognised as the Supreme Ruler in Anlɔ, or the Awɔmefiã, with authority to adjudicate in all issues civil and criminal inside of the Point out.
King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II thanked the British Authorities and replied – “Your hospitality to me and my team has been amazing. I am deeply grateful for your fund of goodwill and for your recognition of me as paramount ruler of the Anlɔs”. The Awɔmefiã-elect reviewed and agreed to the peace phrases.
Just after 21 times at the Castle, the British Governor purchased that 50 troopers and bearers escorted King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II and the Anlɔ deputation again to Anyako, Anlɔ Condition. King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II was carried in a palanquin all the way by the beach by way of Anlɔga to Anyako. The Awɔmefiã’s delegation was viewed off with 21 Kegs of gunpowder, 21 instances of stork gin and 21 rifles. The journey took 7 times.
When the delegation arrived at Anlɔga, a excellent durbar of Royals and commoners, at the insistence of the British Federal government, was held. The peace terms ended up then browse about to Anlɔs. Cannons and artillery were being fired to salute and rejoice the heroic return of King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II. The British presented King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II to Anlɔ Condition and recognised him as the supreme classic ruler.
He thenceforth continued, along with the convoy, the journey back again home to Anyako. King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II gave a show of supernatural powers as he crossed the lagoon. The convoy effectively entered Anyako and slumbered at the grand 3-storey palace of the King this bastion of governance functioned as a long term residence, courthouse and guesthouse. The up coming early morning, after a pleasant banquet, he bade them farewell. King Tɛngɛ Dzokoto II was a famous navy genius and a mesmeric royal.
The writer, Vincent Djokoto, is a Business Executive and Columnist.