If the new Ebola and Covid-19 pandemics have taught us anything at all at all, it is that engineering can assistance Africa prepare far better and completely transform how well being treatment is delivered. Simpler entry to health and fitness data info is instrumental in the shipping and delivery of far better outcomes by health and fitness treatment specialists and in advancement setting up by policymakers.
In 2019, the WHO launched the “triple billion” targets for global wellbeing, i.e. universal healthcare, wellbeing emergency protections, and overall greater health and fitness outcomes for a single billion people throughout the environment.
Know-how can help obtain these aims by growing entry, improving quality and minimizing charges.
Scheduling and building of a holistic health and fitness care program are very important to stay clear of the existing phenomenon of wellness information silos which greatly affects the access, expense and shipping of quality health.
The prospective customers of Synthetic Intelligence (AI) in African healthcare delivery will be a facade if we are not equipped to provide quality and a important amount of money of data for education AI styles.
The fragmented data at the moment offered is a big bottleneck for scientists and builders in constructing AI technologies especially in health and fitness-tech in which the stakes are substantially better.
There is a dire will need for both governments and the private sector to do the job to a well being knowledge standardization in Africa.
The European Union (EU), for instance, handed the thorough info safety law, General Data Safety Regulation (GDPR), in 2018.
The GDPR explicitly defines info that is specially essential to the health care industry with polices on how it must be processed.
The Health Insurance policy Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in the US offers the nationwide typical on how health and fitness information is gathered, processed and managed.
Most African countries are continue to in their infancy with regards to these types of health and fitness knowledge procedures or rules. In Ghana, the Data Safety Act 2012 (DPA) covers typical knowledge compliance challenges. It does not have precise guidelines for the assortment and management of well being details.
Offered these less coverage limitations with increasing mobile penetration, there is a enormous opportunity for developing and applying an even much more sturdy and economically practical countrywide wellness information and facts methods.
The Ghanaian Healthcare ecosystem
The Ghana Health and fitness Support (GHS) Actuality + Figures(2018) studies that there are above 2,500 authorities hospitals and clinics throughout the country. Private amenities account for as substantially as fifty percent (43%) of all healthcare facility beds.
These facilities are aided by a lot of neighborhood pharmacies and diagnostic centres(private laboratories and imaging centres)
Individual record folders have been regarded as the assets of the hospitals even even though the data belongs to the affected person.
This has been the general plan of wellness amenities to properly control patient data. Transfer of affected individual information is done via reports and referrals and whilst this is a very good plan, it has restricted implementation as the acquiring doctor may well require some facts not documented on the note and consequently tumble back again on patients’ powers of recall, and this is drastically unreliable.
Governing administration hospitals this sort of as The 37 Army Healthcare facility, The Increased Accra Regional Clinic and the Korle Bu Training Hospital have produced fantastic strides in digitizing their well being information, countless numbers of other community well being facilities are nonetheless battling to even take care of their paper folders owing to economic, infrastructural prerequisites and other institutional limitations.
Personal services have been on a similar trajectory with a handful of of them acquiring electronic well being records.
These digital record methods, however, like their bodily folder counterparts, remain embedded in just the services in which they run. The affected individual facts is not transferable and thus can not be accessed by other services, generating an even more fragmented well being information ecosystem.
THE MEDTRACK Option
MedTrack is a homegrown wellbeing-tech resolution that presents a unified wellness file program for patients and health care suppliers in Ghana. This cloud-centered solution just permits medical professionals irrespective of their location to appropriately file affected individual information and facts and connects to other suppliers these as community pharmacies and diagnostic centres. The patient is engaged via web and SMS channels.
A universal report procedure that allows access to client facts at every opportunity venue of care whilst nonetheless supplying protection and autonomy of affected person data throughout the nation represents a substantial phase ahead in wellness care reform. The adoption of common constructions, nonetheless, thrives on believe in, ubiquity and value to the standard population.
MedTrack achieves this by connecting every single citizen’s electronic well being report to a solitary national process the Ghana Card.
The Ghana Card is currently the single most available and suitable type of identification in Ghana.
The card is particularly strategic simply because it is poised to consolidate all other sorts of identification these kinds of as the Nationwide Well being Insurances Card, Social Security Figures, Motorists License and even as a biometric travel document inside the West African sub-area. It is widely offered for totally free and issued to every citizen irrespective of their age, locale or social standing.
By connecting citizens, knowledge and methods, MedTrack creates a network that will allow health details to stream seamlessly across treatment suppliers, places and techniques.
The worth MedTrack provides lies in its adaptive style and design that usually takes cognisance of the dynamics in the area healthcare program health care accessibility, interrelations amongst major health care services and ancillary solutions, baseline systems, emerging health care developments and different ethnographic influences.
MedTrack delivers a secured web-based mostly technique that any institution, regardless of its current technology infrastructure can accessibility, control and collaborate on affected individual details.
It provides a regular Electronic Overall health Documents (EHR) composition on the net that allows for participation by all establishments even at a rudimentary stage.
The most important aim of acquiring a common record system is secured accessed, not by caregivers on your own but by individuals as very well.
Despite the fact that every single patient’s health-related history is managed by doctors, individual information requirements to be transportable and available to suitable caregivers in other wellness treatment configurations, when guaranteeing privateness and protection to sufferers.
Hence, an internet-centered, password-shielded records system is most very likely the finest option.
But, how do we empower people to consider cost and engage in the management of their electronic records? Combine baseline technologies. Medtrack adopts the exact same systems that stimulated the scale and achievements of Cellular Funds in Africa: SMS and USSD integrations.
These two channels present significant functionalities together with password authentication for accessibility and several SMS notifications on the most essential cellular mobile phone device.
The Ghanaian market has been suffering from an emergence of new affected person interactions these as wander-ins into pharmacies and diagnostic centres for main overall health care fairly than the clinics or hospitals.
This is a important component of our wellbeing ecosystem, this conversation is nevertheless not documented and the information is not transferred to other facilities besides by way of individual recall.
The incorporation of neighborhood pharmacies and diagnostic centres within the MedTrack community does not only facilitate affected person basic safety in terms of documentation and referral for on-going therapy, but it also permits authentic-time interaction among medical practitioners and pharmacists/diagnostic centres.
There are also new developments in care supply these kinds of as concierge and homecare. Medical professionals practising privately or giving homecare products and services will ordinarily help you save the details of their a lot of people in paper diaries or other electronic notes options on their mobile phones.
It is not unusual for doctors to help save their private affected individual names along with their main situations in their cellphone contacts e.g. “Kofi Asthma”. MedTrack is positioned to come to be the goto common affected individual management software for non-public medical doctors via their mobile devices.
Medtrack makes it possible for medical professionals to access their concierge clientele data in authentic-time though also offering immediate access to talk with allied establishments in wellness treatment, hence group pharmacies and diagnostic centres( laboratories and imaging centres).
Individual details is saved documented, harmless and can be transferred to the next degree health treatment centre with explicit permission from the patient.
With telemedicine methods progressively becoming a staple inside of the healthcare shipping and delivery chain in the COVID-19 era, MedTrack is creating readily available developer APIs that can very easily be integrated into these answers to securely hook up to the patient facts. Physicians on diverse telemedicine platforms are thus equipped to collaborate and provide on-heading care making use of typical individual knowledge.
The wellbeing ecosystem is producing strides at digitization, this, even so, is fragmented with herein worries of integration. The options presently only deal with the issues of documentation of client details.
Medtrack, via the use of the Ghana card, seeks to be a common solution to the documentation of each official and casual health sector interactions and to lets for entry to this data at all secondary stages.
The solution is accessible to sufferers and health care amenities across Ghana, and qualified to onboard in excess of 10% (300,000) of the inhabitants by the to start with quarter of 2021
To read through much more, visit medtrack.io or signal up as a patient. Caregivers and provider vendors can also request for a cost-free established-up.